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Title: Life-cycle economic and environmental assessment of warm stone mastic asphalt
Authors: Leng, Z 
Al-Qadi, IL
Cao, R 
Keywords: Life-cycle assessment
Life-cycle cost analysis
Stone mastic asphalt
Warm-mix asphalt
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Transportmetrica. A, Transport science, 2017, p. 1-14 How to cite?
Journal: Transportmetrica. A, Transport science 
Abstract: In recent years, the increasing concern of energy depletion and awareness of environmental protection have encouraged the hot-mix asphalt (HMA) operational facilities to consider the development of lower environment-impact technologies, such as warm-mix asphalt (WMA), to achieve a more resilient pavement system. In this study, integrated life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) and life-cycle assessment (LCA) is introduced to quantify the life-cycle economic and environmental potential impact of WMA when applied to stone mastic asphalt (SMA) in comparison with conventional hot SMA. The results of this study indicated that warm SMA is more environmentally friendly than conventional hot SMA, while it is economically competitive.
ISSN: 2324-9935
EISSN: 2324-9943
DOI: 10.1080/23249935.2017.1390707
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