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Title: Corrupt practices in the construction industry : survey of Ghanaian experience
Authors: Ameyaw, EE
Pärn, E
Chan, APC 
Owusu-Manu, DG
Edwards, DJ
Darko, A 
Keywords: Bribery
Construction industry
Developing country
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Source: Journal of management in engineering, 2017, v. 33, no. 6, 05017006, p. 2 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of management in engineering 
Abstract: Across the globe, corruption presents a major risk that reduces construction project performances by inflating costs and reducing the quality of the infrastructure commissioned. In developing countries, corruption stifles economic development and engenders social inequality. Using a structured questionnaire survey to elicit direct knowledge and lived experiences of construction practitioners, this study uncovered the prevalence and forms of corrupt practices within the developing country of Ghana. Research findings illustrate that habitual corruption and unethical behavior prevail among public officials, contractors, and construction professionals during the bid evaluation, tendering, and contract implementation stages of a construction contract. This research proffers that corruption is driven by a toxic concoction of high political connections, excessive and reckless sole sourcing of public construction projects, lack of commitment by construction companies in addressing corruption, and the inherently idiosyncratic operational environment of the construction sector. The top five forms of corruption frequently encountered, in descending order, are kickbacks (extortion), bribery, collusion and tender rigging, conflict of interest, and fraud. This research presents a rare glimpse of construction industry corruption in a developing country and provides polemic clarity geared to intellectually challenge readers in government and industry. Future work is required to explore and develop appropriate countermeasures to address corrupt practices and behaviors.
ISSN: 0742-597X
EISSN: 1943-5479
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000555
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