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Title: Preparation and biodegradation of electrospun PLLA/keratin nonwoven fibrous membrane
Authors: Li, J 
Li, Y 
Li, L 
Mak, AFT 
Ko, F
Qin, L
Keywords: Keratin particles
Poly(lactic acid)
Fibrous membrane
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Polymer degradation and stability, 2009, v. 94, no. 10, p. 1800-1807 How to cite?
Journal: Polymer degradation and stability 
Abstract: As a kind of natural protein, wool keratin was used to improve the cell affinity of poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA). After small keratin particles were prepared from keratin solution by spray-drying process, they were blended with PLLA solution. PLLA/keratin nonwoven fibrous membrane was produced by electrospinning the blend solutions. The release rate of keratin from the composite membrane was detected by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) after PLLA/keratin membranes were degraded in PBS up to 4 weeks. The chemical compositions of the PLLA/keratin surface were examined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscope. Although more than half of the keratin was removed from PLLA/keratin membrane during the first few hours of degradation, some keratin particles were still embedded in the PLLA fibers. Osteoblast cells were used to evaluate the cellular behaviors of the composite membrane. After 7 days culturing, more cells were observed on PLLA/keratin membranes than on pure PLLA membranes. MTT assay and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity results suggested that keratin could improve the interactions between osteoblast cells and the polymeric membranes.
ISSN: 0141-3910
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2009.06.004
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