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Title: Time window as a self-control denominator : shorter windows shift preference toward virtues and longer windows toward vices
Authors: Siddiqui, RA 
May, F
Monga, A
Keywords: Time
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Source: Journal of consumer research, 2017, v. 43, no. 6, p. 932-949 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of consumer research 
Abstract: When planning future consumption, individuals are known to opt for large virtue quantities and small vice quantities as a means of self-control. We argue that such planning may also involve the time window within which a given quantity needs to be consumed because the final objective is to plan for a desired consumption rate (i.e., quantity/time window)- a high virtue rate and a low vice rate. Five studies reveal that, when quantity is held constant, a short window (i.e., high rate) nudges individuals toward virtues, and a long window (i.e., low rate) toward vices. We find this effect for hypothetical and real virtue-vice choices, preferences, and willingness to extend a time window. Furthermore, these effects are mediated by the pursuit of long-term health goals, and are moderated such that the effect of time windows is stronger for those who need more help in meeting their self-control goals-that is, impulsive individuals. While these effects are consistent with self-control, we discuss a blend of mechanisms that may be working in conjunction, particularly at the stage that we focus on: planning rather than consuming. Our results offer strong theoretical implications and important consequences for the marketplace where expiration periods and other time windows are ubiquitous.
ISSN: 0093-5301
EISSN: 1537-5277
DOI: 10.1093/jcr/ucw064
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