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Title: Pain and pain management among university students : online survey and web-based education
Authors: Tse, MMY 
Tang, A 
Budnick, A
Ng, SSM 
Yeung, SSY 
Keywords: Education
Pain management
University students
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
Source: Cyberpsychology, behavior, and social networking, 2017, v. 20, no. 5, p. 305-313 How to cite?
Journal: Cyberpsychology, behavior, and social networking 
Abstract: Pain is common among university students. Unrelieved pain has adverse impacts on their quality of life. In this study, a pain management Web site was developed to distribute an online survey and provide Web-based pain education to university students. Participants were recruited from eight universities in Hong Kong using snowball sampling. The online survey included 37 items examining pain situations, pain management strategies, knowledge about self-medication, and demographic data of the participants. A total of 387 students participated and over 90 percent of them reported pain in the past 6 months. Around one-third of participants did not take any action to manage their pain. Pharmacological method was the most common strategy for students to relieve pain (37.2 percent). The use of over-the-counter (OTC) drug for pain relief was high (n = 214). However, OTC drug knowledge score was significantly higher among health-related group than nonhealth-related group (p < 0.001). There were 188 students who also read the Web-based pain education and completed the evaluation on its usefulness. Nonhealth-related students reported significantly higher scores of self-perceived usefulness for the online education than the health-related students (p < 0.001). Findings suggested the need to consider the service users' background when developing online education program in the future.
ISSN: 2152-2715
EISSN: 2152-2723
DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2016.0580
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