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Title: Faculty patent assignment in the Chinese mainland : evidence from the top 35 patent application universities
Authors: Fong, PSW 
Chang, X 
Chen, Q
Issue Date: 2015
Source: Journal of technology transfer, 2015, p. 1-27
Abstract: Recent research has explored the issue of university faculty patent assignment in the US, Europe and Japan from the individual or organization perspectives. However, there is limited empirical research that examines the real picture of faculty patent assignment in China’s universities. This paper aimed to fill this gap by creating a special dataset including 18,435 faculty/patent pairs. The investigation indicated that 13.16 % of pairs were not solely assigned to universities in 35 top patent application Chinese universities from 2002 to 2012. The empirical study correlates types of patent assignment to invention characteristics, university intellectual eminence and licensing policies, and illustrates that patent assignment changes depending on the research field, that university assignment is positively related to patent claims but negatively related to patent validity, patent maintenance time, and number of co-inventors, and that university intellectual eminence has a weak impact. Through controlling the influence of inventor characteristics, university royalty and equality policies play different roles in faculty patent assignment. This paper provides new insights as well as operational policy implications for China’s university policy makers.
Keywords: Patent assignment
Invention disclosure
University-industry technology transfer
Chinese Mainland
Publisher: Springer New York LLC
Journal: Journal of technology transfer 
ISSN: 0892-9912
EISSN: 1573-7047
DOI: 10.1007/s10961-015-9434-7
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