Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/68634
Title: Energy upcycle in anaerobic treatment : ammonium, methane, and carbon dioxide reformation through a hybrid electrodeionization-solid oxide fuel cell system
Authors: Xu, LJ 
Dong, F 
Zhuang, HC 
He, W 
Ni, M 
Feng, SP
Lee, PH 
Keywords: Anaerobic digestion
Electrodeionization
Solid oxide fuel cell
Biogas
Ammonia
Electricity
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Energy conversion and management, 2017, v. 140, p. 157-166 How to cite?
Journal: Energy conversion and management 
Abstract: To create possibilities for a more sustainable wastewater management, a novel system consisting of electrodeionization (EDI) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is proposed in this study. This system is integrated with anaerobic digestion/landfills to capture energy from carbonaceous and nitrogenous pollutants. Both EDI and SOFCs showed good performances. EDI removed 95% and 76% ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N) from diluted (0.025 M) to concentrated (0.5 M) synthetic ammonium wastewaters, respectively, accompanied by hydrogen production. SOFCs converted the recovered fuels, biogas mixtures of methane and carbon dioxide, to electricity. Under the optimal conditions of EDI (3.0 V applied voltage and 7.5 mm internal electrode distance (IED), and SOFCs (750 degrees C operating temperature), the system achieved 60% higher net energy output as compared to conventional systems. The estimated energy benefit of this proposed system showed that the net energy balance ratio is enhanced from 1.11 (existing system) to 1.75 (this study) for a local Hong Kong active landfill facility with 10.0 g L-1 chemical oxygen demand (COD) and 0.21 M NH4+-N. Additionally, an average of 80% inorganic ions (heavy metals and nutrient elements) can be removed from the raw landfill leachate by EDI cell. The results are successful demonstrations of the upgrades of anaerobic processes for energy extraction from wastewater streams.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/68634
ISSN: 0196-8904
EISSN: 1879-2227
DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.02.072
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