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Title: Antifouling ceramic membrane electrode modified by Magneli Ti4O7 for electro-microfiltration of humic acid
Authors: Geng, P
Chen, GH 
Keywords: Electro-microfiltration
Membrane antifouling
Magneli titanium sub-oxides
Humic acid
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Separation and purification technology, 2017, v. 185, p. 61-71 How to cite?
Journal: Separation and purification technology 
Abstract: A compact electro-microfiltration (EMF) module was designed for the treatment of humid acid (HA). In this module, an inner-layer modified Magneli Ti4O7/Al2O3 tubular membrane was utilized as both the filtration media and the electrode. This study demonstrated that applying electric field could dramatically enhance the microfiltration (MF) performance. When the electric field was near the critical value of 81.2 V cm(-1) without adding electrolyte, a flux comparable to that of Milli-Q water filtration was attained. With 6 and 12 mg L-1 total organic carbon (TOC) of HA in the feed solutions, the HA rejections in terms of UV254 were 96.5 and 91.0%, TOC removals were 88.3 and 86.7% respectively, much higher than those using MF alone without electric field (<5%). At 75 V cm(-1), the energy consumption is around 0.21 kW h per m(3) of permeate per hour, which is over 50% lower than that of corresponding ultrafiltration when similar permeate volume and HA rejection are achieved. It was also found that HA rejection increased with higher pH at the same feed conductivity of around 60 RS cm(-1). High HA rejection of 97.8% in terms of UV254 was obtained at the feed pH of 8.3 and 75 V cm(-1).
ISSN: 1383-5866
EISSN: 1873-3794
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2017.05.023
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