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Title: An analytical review of occupational safety research in Pakistan construction industry
Authors: Zahoor, H 
Chan, APC 
Arain, F
Gao, R 
Utama, WP 
Keywords: Occupational Health and Safety
Safety practices
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc
Source: International journal of construction project management, 2016, v. 82, no. 2, p. 125-140 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of construction project management 
Abstract: Construction employs 7.3% of the total labor force but suffers from a higher injury rate (16.3% of total labor force) in Pakistan. Despite being the 2nd most injury prone industry, not much attention has been paid to safety implementation. Stakeholders generally emphasize on productivity even at the cost of safety. The academics are endeavoring to highlight the importance of safety; however, their efforts could not develop a synergy with the industry practitioners. This study attempts to analytically review/summarize the construction safety research in Pakistan with the aim to guide future research.
It has been opined that injuries are mostly caused by fall from height, followed by electrocution and caught in between the objects and machinery. The underlying causes for safety non-compliance are highlighted as the existence of a weak regulatory authority, no contractual obligations for safety compliance, ignorance to basic human rights, and the misconception that safety investment escalates the project cost.
The study recommends major strategies for improving construction safety, such as: reinforcing the safety regulatory authority; incorporating safety in contractor’s licensing, renewal and bidding processes; establishing an effective mechanism for safety training and accident reporting; and ensuring an enhanced client’s commitment to safety by introducing safety incentive schemes. In addition, it is suggested to update and enforce the safety laws, and launch safety awareness media campaigns at the national level. Safety courses/modules are also recommended to enhance the competencies of construction management students and young professionals in the industry. The study sets the foundation for future research in investigating the underpinning causes of accidents, barriers in the safety implementation and identifying the most influential health and safety factors.
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