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Title: Cross-sectional study on Chinese secondary school students' epistemic beliefs and fallacy identification
Authors: Lee, WWS
Chan, VCW 
Keywords: Epistemic beliefs
Fallacy identification
Secondary school students
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Springer
Source: Asia-Pacific education researcher, 2017, v. 26, no. 1-2, p. 11-19 How to cite?
Journal: Asia-Pacific education researcher 
Abstract: Individuals hold different epistemic beliefs at different ages, and these beliefs can affect a wide range of reasoning tasks. The present study examined Chinese secondary school students' epistemic beliefs at different grade levels, and how these related to the students' abilities to identify various forms of fallacy with the use of a cross-sectional design. One hundred and forty-six Chinese secondary school students (Grade 7 N = 32, Grade 9 N = 40, Grade 10 N = 36, and Grade 11 N = 38) completed a 14-item Epistemic Beliefs Questionnaire and a set of fallacy tasks. CFA showed that the questionnaire measured the four dimensions of the secondary school student samples adequately. A non-linear trend of epistemic beliefs across different grades was found and analyses using MANOVA showed significant grade differences in the dimension of Certainty (Grade 7 vs. 10 vs. 11). chi (2) tests showed only significant grade difference in the fallacy of Appeal to Authority (Grade 7 vs Grade 9; Grade 7 vs. 10). Finally, only grade, but not epistemic beliefs, predicted fallacy identification (Appeal to Authority) when all variables were considered in the ordinal logistic regression model. The issue of epistemic dimensions change and students' informal reasoning ability are discussed in light of the Chinese culture.
ISSN: 0119-5646
EISSN: 2243-7908
DOI: 10.1007/s40299-016-0322-1
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