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Title: Characterization of the coherent scattering induced by ridging patterns in agriculture by the use of polarimetric SAR imagery
Authors: Zhao, LL
Yang, JE
Li, PX
Huang, X
Shi, L 
Zhang, LP
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: International journal of remote sensing, 2017, v. 38, no. 12, p. 3502-3518 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of remote sensing 
Abstract: This article investigates the scattering characteristics of ridging patterns in agriculture by the use of C-band polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images. The polarimetric signatures of periodic potato fields and row wheat in different directions are highlighted using a set of polarimetric parameters. Enhanced coherent scattering is observed when the alignment direction of the ridging patterns is perpendicular to the radar's line of sight (LOS). The dominant backscattering mechanism of the ridging patterns is deduced by evaluating different polarimetric parameters. The increased copolarized backscattering coefficients and copolarized correlation coefficient, and the reduced entropy and polarimetric alpha angle, indicate a strong contribution of odd scattering to ridging patterns aligned perpendicular to the LOS. We also compare the dominant contributions to the backscattering of ridging patterns in different phenological stages. Although the canopy changes of potato and wheat with time are significant, the underlying periodic surface changes the dominant scattering mechanism of potato fields over all the phenological stages, and the wheat aligned parallel with the flight direction of radar still has relatively high coherent scattering in the different vegetation development stages. The variability analyses undertake in this study allow a more detailed documentation of the physical scattering process of the ridging patterns in agriculture, and will improve the applicability of synthetic aperture radar images in agriculture.
ISSN: 0143-1161
EISSN: 1366-5901
DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2017.1297545
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