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Title: Bridging computational features toward multiple semantic features with multi-task regression : a study of CT pulmonary nodules
Authors: Chen, S
Ni, D
Qin, J 
Lei, B
Wang, T
Cheng, JZ
Keywords: CT
Deep learning
Lung nodule
Multi-task regression
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer
Source: Lecture notes in computer science (including subseries Lecture notes in artificial intelligence and lecture notes in bioinformatics), 2016, v. 9901, p. 53-60 How to cite?
Journal: Lecture notes in computer science (including subseries Lecture notes in artificial intelligence and lecture notes in bioinformatics) 
Abstract: The gap between the computational and semantic features is the one of major factors that bottlenecks the computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) performance from clinical usage. To bridge such gap,we propose to utilize the multi-task regression (MTR) scheme that leverages heterogeneous computational features derived from deep learning models of stacked denoising autoencoder (SDAE) and convolutional neural network (CNN) as well as Haar-like features to approach 8 semantic features of lung CT nodules. We regard that there may exist relations among the semantic features of “spiculation”,“texture”,“margin”,etc.,that can be exploited with the multi-task learning technique. The Lung Imaging Database Consortium (LIDC) data is adopted for the rich annotations,where nodules were quantitatively rated for the semantic features from many radiologists. By treating each semantic feature as a task,the MTR selects and regresses the heterogeneous computational features toward the radiologists’ ratings with 10 fold cross-validation evaluation on the randomly selected LIDC 1400 nodules. The experimental results suggest that the predicted semantic scores from MTR are closer to the radiologists’ rating than the predicted scores from single-task LASSO and elastic net regression methods. The proposed semantic scoring scheme may provide richer quantitative assessments of nodules for deeper analysis and support more sophisticated clinical content retrieval in medical databases.
Description: 19th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, MICCAI 2016, Greece, 17-21 October, 2016
ISBN: 9783319467221
ISSN: 0302-9743
EISSN: 1611-3349
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46723-8_7
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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