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Title: Broadband and omnidirectional light harvesting enhancement in photovoltaic devices with aperiodic TiO2 nanotube photonic crystal
Authors: Guo, M
Su, HJ
Zhang, J
Liu, L
Fu, NQ
Yong, ZH
Huang, HT 
Xie, KY
Issue Date: 2017
Source: Journal of power sources, 2017, v. 345, p. 12-20
Abstract: Design of more effective broadband light-trapping elements to improve the light harvesting efficiency under both normal and tilted light for solar cells and other photonic devices is highly desirable. Herein we present a theoretical analysis on the optical properties of a novel TiO2 nanotube aperiodic photonic crystal (NT APC) following an aperiodic sequences and its photocurrent enhancement effect for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) under various incidence angles. It is found that, compared to regular PC, the designed TiO2 NT APC owns broader reflection region and a desired omnidirectional reflection (ODR) bandgaps, leading to considerable and stable photocurrent enhancement under both normal and oblique light. The effects of the structural parameters of the TiO2 NT APC, including the average lattice constant and the common sequence difference, on the optical properties, ODR bandgaps and absorption magnification of the integrated DSSCs are investigated in detail. Moreover, the angular dependence of photocurrent enhancement and angular compensation effect of such TiO2 NT APCs are also provided to offer a guidance on the optimum structural parameters design under different engineering application conditions.
Keywords: Aperiodic photonic crystal
Dye-sensitized solar cell
Light harvesting
Omnidirectional reflection
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal: Journal of power sources 
ISSN: 0378-7753
EISSN: 1873-2755
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.01.123
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