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Title: Anti-cancer effects of a novel quinoline derivative 83b1 on human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma through down-regulation of COX-2 mRNA and PGE2
Authors: Pun, HY
Chan, D
Chan, SH
Chung, PY
Zhou, Y
Law, S
Lam, AKY
Chui, CH
Chan, ASC
Lam, K
Tang, J 
Keywords: Cell cytotoxicity
Cyclooxygenase 2
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
PPAR delta
Real-time polymerase chain reaction
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Korean Cancer Association
Source: Cancer research and treatment, 2017, v. 49, no. 1, p. 219-229 How to cite?
Journal: Cancer research and treatment 
Abstract: Purpose 83b1 is a novel quinoline derivative that has been shown to inhibit cancer growth in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). This study was conducted to comprehensively evaluate the cytotoxic effects of 83b1 on a series of ESCC cell lines and investigate the mechanisms by which 83b1 suppresses cancer growth based on molecular docking analysis.
Materials and Methods A series of ESCC and nontumor immortalized cell lines were exposed to 83b1 and cisplatin (CDDP) in a dose-dependent manner, and the cytotoxicity was examined by a MTS assay kit. Prediction of the molecular targets of 83b1 was conducted by molecular docking analysis. Expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) mRNA and COX-2-derived prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzymelinked immuno-sorbent assay, respectively. In vivo anti-tumor effect was determined using a nude mice xenografted model transplanted with an ESCC cell line, KYSE-450.
Results 83b1 showed the significant anti-cancer effects on all ESCC cell lines compared to CDDP; however, 83b1 revealed much lower toxic effects on non-tumor cell lines than CDDP. The predicted molecular target of 83b1 is peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARδ), which is a widely known oncoprotein. Additionally the expression of COX-2 mRNA and COX-2-derived PGE2 were down-regulated by 83b1 in a dose-dependent manner in ESCC cell lines. Furthermore, 83b1 was shown to significantly reduce the tumor size in nude mice xenograft.
Conclusion The results of this study suggest that the potential anti-cancer effects of 83b1 on human esophageal cancers occur through the possible oncotarget, PPARδ, and down-regulation of the cancer related genes and molecules.
ISSN: 1598-2998
EISSN: 2005-9256
DOI: 10.4143/crt.2016.190
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