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Title: Joint image compression and encryption based on order-8 alternating transforms
Authors: Li, P
Lo, KT
Keywords: Image encryption
JPEG standard
Orthogonal transforms
Security analysis
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Journal of visual communication and image representation, 2017, v. 44, p. 61-71 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of visual communication and image representation 
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a novel joint image compression and encryption scheme based on JPEG standard. We realize image encryption at JPEG's transformation stage. Instead of only using 8 × 8 discrete cosine transform (DCT) for transformation, we generate new orthogonal transforms by embedding an extra rotation angle of π to different stages’ butterflies in 8 × 8 DCT's flow-graph, and then apply them alternatively for transformation according to a predefined secret key. By carefully controlling the number of rotation angles embedded, the quality control of encrypted images can also be achieved. The encryption algorithm is further enhanced by performing block permutation before the entropy encoding stage. Extensive experiments have been conducted to show the good protection and compression performance of our encryption schemes. Finally, a detailed security analysis is provided to show the encryption schemes’ resistance to various cryptanalysis methods, such as brute-force attack, key sensitivity analysis, replacement attack and statistical attack.
ISSN: 1047-3203
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvcir.2017.01.021
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