Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/65950
Title: Insights into the subsurface transport of As(V) and Se(VI) in produced water from hydraulic fracturing using soil samples from Qingshankou Formation, Songliao Basin, China
Authors: Chen, SS
Sun, YQ
Tsang, DCW 
Graham, NJD
Ok, YS
Feng, YJ
Li, XD 
Keywords: Arsenic
Hydraulic fracturing
Non-equilibrium transport
Produced water
Selenium
Solution chemistry
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Environmental pollution, 2017, v. 223, p. 449-456 How to cite?
Journal: Environmental pollution 
Abstract: Produced water is a type of wastewater generated from hydraulic fracturing, which may pose a risk to the environment and humans due to its high ionic strength and the presence of elevated concentrations of metals/metalloids that exceed maximum contamination levels. The mobilization of As(V) and Se(VI) in produced water and selected soils from Qingshankou Formation in the Songliao Basin in China were investigated using column experiments and synthetic produced water whose quality was representative of waters arising at different times after well creation. Temporal effects of produced water on metal/metalloid transport and sorption/desorption were investigated by using HYDRUS-1D transport modelling. Rapid breakthrough and long tailings of As(V) and Se(VI) transport were observed in Day 1 and Day 14 solutions, but were reduced in Day 90 solution probably due to the elevated ionic strength. The influence of produced water on the hydrogeological conditions (i.e., change between equilibrium and non-equilibrium transport) was evidenced by the change of tracer breakthrough curves before and after the leaching of produced water. This possibly resulted from the sorption of polyacrylamide (PAM (-CH2CHCONH2-)n) onto soil surfaces, through its use as a friction reducer in fracturing solutions. The sorption was found to be reversible in this study. Minimal amounts of sorbed As(V) were desorbed whereas the majority of sorbed Se(VI) was readily leached out, to an extent which varied with the composition of the produced water. These results showed that the mobilization of As(V) and Se(VI) in soil largely depended on the solution pH and ionic strength. Understanding the differences in metal/metalloid transport in produced water is important for proper risk management.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/65950
ISSN: 0269-7491
EISSN: 1873-6424
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.01.044
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