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Title: Large eddy simulation of lean turbulent hydrogen-enriched methane-air premixed flames at high Karlovitz numbers
Authors: Cicoria, DA
Chan, CK 
Keywords: Finite rate chemistry
High Karlovitz
Large eddy simulation
Species prediction
Turbulent premixed combustion
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: International journal of hydrogen energy, 2016, v. 41, no. 47, p. 22479-22496 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of hydrogen energy 
Abstract: Large eddy simulation (LES) is employed to investigate the effects of hydrogen within the fuel mixture for lean CH4–H2 turbulent premixed flames in the distributed reaction zone (high Karlovitz number). The subfilter combustion term representing the interaction between turbulence and chemistry is modelled using the partially stirred reactor (PaSR) model, along with complex chemistry using a skeletal mechanism based on the GRI-MECH3.0, to handle mixtures up to 60% of hydrogen in volume. The influence of hydrogen enrichment at high turbulence levels is studied by means of the local flame structure, and the assessment of species formation inside the flame. Results show that with higher hydrogen content, the flame displays a higher degree of wrinkling and is shorter because of a higher turbulent flame speed. The local structure of the flame is mainly affected by the turbulence but differential diffusion effects still play a role in the flame front aspect, especially when hydrogen addition becomes important. Concerning the formation of intermediate species and pollutants, by increasing the amount of hydrogen in the fuel mixture at fixed equivalence ratio, more emissions are reported. This is expected as the mixture reactivity (heat release) increases when substituting methane by hydrogen in the unburned mixture.
ISSN: 0360-3199
EISSN: 1879-3487
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.09.051
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