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Title: Optimization of preparation procedure of liquid warm mix additive modified asphalt rubber
Authors: Yu, H
Leng, Z 
Zhou, Z
Shih, K
Xiao, F
Gao, Z
Keywords: Asphalt rubber
Energy saving
Preparation procedure
Rheological properties
Warm mix
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of cleaner production, 2017, v. 141, p. 336-345 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of cleaner production 
Abstract: Warm mix asphalt (WMA) is an emerging clean production technology that alleviates the energy and environmental concerns of asphalt pavement industry. It is particularly suitable for asphalt rubber (AR) pavement, which provides longer service life and lower road-tyre noise but requires higher production temperature. Evotherm-DAT, a common liquid warm-mix asphalt (WMA) additive, can effectively improve the workability of AR binder, thus reducing the construction temperature of AR pavement. However, the properties of the Evotherm-DAT modified AR binders (Evo-AR) might be affected by the procedure of incorporating the WMA additive into AR, which unfortunately has not been fully studied yet. This study aims to address this issue by characterizing the rheological properties and chemical compositions of the Evo-ARs prepared by the following three procedures: 1) preparing AR first and then blending it with Evotherm-DAT (AR-E), the conventional approach; 2) mixing Evotherm-DAT and rubber first and then incorporating them to asphalt (ER-A); and 3) adding Evotherm-DAT during the mixing process of AR (REA). It was found that AR-E and REA had similar rheological properties. Besides, the workability of ER-A was slightly worse than those of AR-E and REA, but still much superior to that of AR without WMA additive. The anti-rutting performance of ER-A is better than those of AR-E and REA while no obvious difference was observed in the fatigue and low temperature cracking resistance among three types of Evo-ARs. Chemical characterization indicated that the preparation procedures affected the amount of epoxy groups in Evo-ARs, which possibly contributed to the difference in their rheological properties. Overall, it was concluded that incorporating Evotherm-DAT at an early stage has insignificant negative effect on the rheological properties of warm AR binder, but allows for more energy saving and emission reduction during the warm AR binder production process.
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.09.043
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