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Title: The effect of performing a dual-task on postural control and selective attention of older adults when stepping backward
Authors: Tsang, WWN 
Chan, VWL
Wong, HH
Yip, TWC
Lu, X
Keywords: Dual-tasking
Postural stability
Stepping backward
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science
Source: Journal of physical therapy science, 2016, v. 28, no. 10, p. 2806-2811 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of physical therapy science 
Abstract: [Purpose] The purpose of the study was to investigate the postural control and cognitive performance of older adults when stepping backward with and without a concurrent cognitive task. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty young adults and twenty-eight older adults (mean age=21.3 ± 1.2 and 72.2 ± 5.7 years, respectively) were recruited. Participants were asked to step backward and then maintain a single-leg stance for 10 seconds with and without a concurrent auditory response task. The reaction time and error rate while performing the cognitive task were recorded. Postural stability after stepping back was measured in terms of total sway path and total sway area. [Results] The older subjects had significantly longer reaction times and higher error rates in both single- and dual-tasking. When dual-tasking, both groups had significantly longer reaction times than when single-tasking. Only the older adults showed significantly higher error rates. The older adults also had significantly longer total sway paths and larger total sway areas of single-leg stance after stepping back. Neither group showed a significant difference in total sway path and sway area between single- and dual-tasking. [Conclusion] Older adults have poorer cognitive performance and postural stability during both single- and dual-tasking. They tend to prioritize postural control over cognition in dual-tasking.
ISSN: 0915-5287
EISSN: 2187-5626
DOI: 10.1589/jpts.28.2806
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