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Title: One-step simulation of thermoacoustic waves in two-dimensional enclosures
Authors: Kam, EWS
Fu, SC
Keywords: FDLBM
Finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method
Thermal-acoustics interaction
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Computers and fluids, 2016, v. 140, p. 270-288 How to cite?
Journal: Computers and fluids 
Abstract: This paper reports on a one-step simulation study of the generation and propagation of thermoacoustic waves in a two-dimensional enclosure using a finite-difference lattice-Boltzmann-type method (FDLBM) with a single relaxation time and one equilibrium particle distribution function (EPDF), and a direct aeroacoustic simulation (DAS) technique that solves the primitive Navier–Stokes (N–S) equations. Conventional expansion of the EPDF is not adopted; instead, it is expanded in terms of the particle velocity alone, and the expansion coefficients are determined by requiring the FDLBM to fully recover the N–S equations. The expansion coefficients are found to depend on the flow and thermal properties and their nonlinear interactions. Thus formulated, physical boundary conditions can be specified for the FDLBM. This EPDF has been validated against simple aeroacoustic problems and good agreement with DAS results is obtained. In this paper, the EPDF is further validated against three thermoacoustic cases: 1) a sudden increase of temperature on the left vertical wall of the enclosure; 2) a sudden increase of temperature on the left vertical wall coupled by a sudden decrease of temperature on the right vertical wall in the enclosure; 3) a gradually heated up left vertical wall of the enclosure. Comparisons with DAS simulations show that FDLBM and DAS give essentially identical results; hence, the validity and extent of the EPDF is ascertained for the calculation of these thermoacoustic waves. The FDLBM results are also compared with known theoretical and numerical results. These known solutions are found to be less accurate compared to the FDLBM results. The discrepancy could be attributed to the partially linearized equations solved in the theoretical analysis, and the inadequacy of the numerical scheme to replicate the nonlinear effects accurately in the generation and propagation of thermoacoustic waves.
ISSN: 0045-7930
DOI: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2016.10.005
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