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Title: Integration of GIS and BIM for indoor geovisual analytics
Authors: Wu, BO 
Zhang, S
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Source: International archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences, 2016, v. XLI-B4, p. 455-458 How to cite?
Journal: International archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences 
Abstract: This paper presents an endeavour of integration of GIS (Geographical Information System) and BIM (Building Information Modelling) for indoor geovisual analytics. The merits of two types of technologies, GIS and BIM are firstly analysed in the context of indoor environment. GIS has well-developed capabilities of spatial analysis such as network analysis, while BIM has the advantages for indoor 3D modelling and dynamic simulation. This paper firstly investigates the important aspects for integrating GIS and BIM. Different data standards and formats such as the IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) and GML (Geography Markup Language) are discussed. Their merits and limitations in data transformation between GIS and BIM are analysed in terms of semantic and geometric information. An optimized approach for data exchange between GIS and BIM datasets is then proposed. After that, a strategy of using BIM for 3D indoor modelling, GIS for spatial analysis, and BIM again for visualization and dynamic simulation of the analysis results is presented. Based on the developments, this paper selects a typical problem, optimized indoor emergency evacuation, to demonstrate the integration of GIS and BIM for indoor geovisual analytics. The block Z of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University is selected as a test site. Detailed indoor and outdoor 3D models of the block Z are created using a BIM software Revit. The 3D models are transferred to a GIS software ArcGIS to carry out spatial analysis. Optimized evacuation plans considering dynamic constraints are generated based on network analysis in ArcGIS assuming there is a fire accident inside the building. The analysis results are then transferred back to BIM software for visualization and dynamic simulation. The developed methods and results are of significance to facilitate future development of GIS and BIM integrated solutions in various applications.
Description: XXIII International Congress for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS Congress), Commission II, Prague, Czech Republic, 12-19 July 2016
ISSN: 1682-1750
EISSN: 2194-9034
DOI: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XLI-B2-455-2016
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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