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Title: Degradation of contaminants by Cu ⁺-activated molecular oxygen in aqueous solutions : evidence for cupryl species (Cu ³⁺)
Authors: Feng, Y
Lee, PH 
Wu, D
Zhou, Z
Li, H
Shih, K
Keywords: Cu +
Cu 3+
Molecular oxygen
Non-radical mechanism
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of hazardous materials, 2017, v. 331, p. 81-87 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of hazardous materials 
Abstract: Copper ions (Cu²⁺ and Cu⁺) have shown potential as Fenton-like activators for the circumneutral removal of organic contaminants from aqueous solutions. However, the major active species (cupryl species (Cu³⁺) versus hydroxyl radical ([rad]OH)) produced during the activation of hydrogen peroxide by Cu⁺ remain unclear. In this study, Cu⁺-O₂ oxidation, in which hydrogen peroxide is produced via the activated decomposition of dissolved molecular oxygen, was used to degrade sulfadiazine, methylene blue, and benzoic acid. The results showed that both sulfadiazine and methylene blue could be efficiently degraded by Cu⁺-O₂ oxidation in a wide effective pH range from 2.0 to 10.0. Quenching experiments with different alcohols and the effect of Br− suggested that Cu³⁺ rather than [rad]OH was the major active species. Electron paramagnetic resonance detected 5,5-dimethyl-2-hydroxypyrrolidine-N-oxyl (DMPO-OH), which was probably produced by the oxidation of DMPO by Cu³⁺ or [rad]OH formed as a product of Cu³⁺ decomposition. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid was produced during the degradation of benzoic acid by Cu³⁺. The findings of this study may help to explain the inconsistency regarding the dominant active species produced by the interaction of Cu⁺ and hydrogen peroxide.
ISSN: 0304-3894
EISSN: 1873-3336
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.02.029
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