Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/64020
Title: Plasma technology in wool
Authors: Yuen, CWM
Kan, CW 
Keywords: Wool
Plasma treatment
Dyeing
Shrinkproofing
Serviceability
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Textile Institute
Source: Textile progress, 2007, v. 39, no. 3, p. 121-187 How to cite?
Journal: Textile progress 
Abstract: The textile industry processes a large quantity of fibres obtained from various animals of which wool is commercially the most important. However, it has some technical problems which affect the quality and performance of the finished products such as felting shrinkage, handle, lustre, pilling and dyeability. These problems may be attributed mainly to the presence of wool scales on the fibre surface. The scales are relatively hard and have sharp edges which are responsible for causing fibre directional movement and shrinkage during felting. Furthermore, the scales also serve as a barrier for diffusion processes which will adversely affect the sorption behaviour. In recent years, there has been an increase in the modification of wool surface scales by physical means such as mechanical, thermal and ultrasonic treatments, and chemical methods such as oxidation, reduction, enzyme and ozone treatments which can solve the felting and sorption problems to a certain extent. Hitherto, chemical treatments are still the most commonly used descaling methods in the industry.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/64020
ISSN: 0040-5167
EISSN: 1754-2278
DOI: 10.1080/00405160701628839
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