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|Title:||On the migration and bureaucratization of the families and clans in Tang China|
|Source:||東吳歷史學報 (Soochow journal of history), 2008, no. 20, p. 1-74 How to cite?|
|Journal:||東吳歷史學報 (Soochow journal of history)|
This paper, based on the observation of two inclinations namely feelings for the capital districts and being bureaucrats as the only profession, attempts to explain the changes of social and political frameworks in Tang China, together with how aristocratic clans and families readjusted their development strategy in response to actual situation as a way to maintain their prestige and status. How did the humble clans and families act in the aspects of migration and bureaucratization is also a focus of attention in this paper. In the early Tang era, there were some aristocratic clans and families which held the usefulness of capital-district-bound migration in suspicion; due to commitment to native place, they were not ready to identify such kind of migration as a prerequisite for developments. Humble families and clans relatively were not bound by any traditional restrictions; they were able to follow the trend actively from the start. Not during the reign of Emperor did the clans and families in general adopt the capital-district-bound migration practice as a way to keep close to the origin of the imperial authority. Migrating to the capital districts and bureaucratization sounded closely connected with each other to the clans and families which lived on bureaucracy: migrating to the capitals might enable people to have a better chance to be officials while bureaucratization had very much to do with the consolidation of inclination of capital-district-bound migration. Only focusing on burial at the capital districts however is not sufficient enough to understand the historical context of capital-district-bound migration. Instead we need to be aware of the fact that while losing affinity to the native place, a substantial number of clans and families which were originated in North China lived in the south. This historical fact was manifested in the deviation between burial locations and living areas of families and clans. In the process of bureaucratization, some aristocratic families and clans formed marital ties with political upstarts or acquiesced in their attachment. But it would be premature to assert that aristocratic families and clans were in decline simply based on such happenings. The social advantages enjoyed by prominent families and clans seemed to remain unshakable as members of the imperial family and political upstarts were eager to form marital ties with them.
|Appears in Collections:||Journal/Magazine Article|
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