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Title: Do dakzai, matzai, and gamzai in Cantonese belong to the same family?
Other Titles: 粵語「得滯、乜滯、咁滯」是否屬於同一個家族?
Authors: Tang, SW
Keywords: Cantonese
Postverbal adverb
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: 香港中文大學中國文化硏究所吳多泰中國語文硏究中心
Source: 中國語文研究 (Studies in Chinese Linguistics), 2005, v. 2005, no. 21, p. 1-11 How to cite?
Journal: 中國語文研究 (Studies in Chinese Linguistics) 
Abstract: 粤语“得滞”、“乜滞”和“咁滞”都出现在述语的后面。本文的目的主要讨论它们的一些语法特点,并且分析它们的异同。基本上,本文认为“得滞”是一个词尾或后缀,黏附于形容词述语;“乜滞”和“咁滞”都是一个副词,原本位于动词之前,但经过动词短语移位/谓语移位后,在表面上形成了“后置副词”的词序。
The goal of this article is to explore the grammatical properties of three postverbal elements, namely dakzai, matzai, and gamzai, in Cantonese and compare their similarities and differences. I argue that dakzai is a suffix attached to adjectival predicates whereas both matzai and gamzai are preverbal adverbs underlyingly. The postverbal word order of matzai and gamzai is derived by verb movement/predicate-raising on the surface.
ISSN: 1017-1274
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