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Title: Correlations between Berg balance scale and gait speed in individuals with stroke wearing ankle–foot orthoses – a pilot study
Authors: Kobayashi, T
Leung, AKL 
Akazawa, Y
Hutchins, S
Keywords: Ankle–foot orthosis
Berg balance scale
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Source: Disability and rehabilitation : assistive technology, 2016, v. 11, no. 3, p. 219-222 How to cite?
Journal: Disability and rehabilitation : assistive technology 
Abstract: Purpose: The Berg balance scale (BBS) is commonly used to assess balancing ability in patients with stroke. The BBS may be a good candidate for clinical assessment prior to orthotic intervention, if it correlates well with outcome measures such as gait speed. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between the BBS measured prior to walking with an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) and specific temporal-spatial parameters of gait when walking with an AFO donned. Methods: Eight individuals with chronic stroke participated in this study. Balancing ability was assessed using the BBS, while temporal–spatial parameters of gait (gait speed, bilateral step length, stride length and step width) were measured using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. The correlations between the BBS and gait parameters were investigated using a non-parametric Kendall’s Tau (τ) correlation analysis. Results: The BBS showed correlations with gait speed (τ = 0.64, p < 0.05), the step length of the affected side (τ = 0.74, p < 0.05), and the stride length (τ = 0.64, p < 0.05). Conclusions: Assessment of the BBS prior to AFO prescription may potentially help clinicians to estimate the gait speed achievable following orthotic intervention in patients with stroke.
ISSN: 1748-3107 (print)
1748-3115 (online)
DOI: 10.3109/17483107.2014.932019
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