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Title: Regeneration and reuse of highly polluting textile dyeing effluents through catalytic ozonation with carbon aerogel catalysts
Authors: Hu, EL
Shang, SM 
Tao, XM 
Jiang, SX 
Chiu, KL
Keywords: Textile dyeing wastewater
Effluent reuse
Catalytic zonation
Carbon aerogel
Color quality
In-situ regeneration
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of cleaner production, 2016, v. 137, p. 1055-1065 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of cleaner production 
Abstract: Reactive dyeing of cotton generates a great deal of coloring wastewater containing residual dyes, electrolyte, alkali, and other auxiliaries. Especially for the effluent from the first/initial spent dyeing bath, it may be comprised of as high as 60% of the initial dye dosed, 30-90 g/L of sodium chloride or sodium sulfate, and plenty of sodium carbonate, making it to be the most contaminative effluent among the entire reactive dyeing process. This paper presents a new alternative to regenerate the waste effluent from the first spent dyeing bath through catalytic ozonation with novel catalysts for reuse of the effluent in successive dyeing. Two novel ozonation catalysts, mesoporous carbon aerogel and its supported cobalt oxide nanoparticles, were successfully prepared and used in catalytic degradation of residual dyes in waste effluents with ozone. Degradation efficiency was determined by both decolorization and chemical oxygen demand removal. The result showed novel catalysts could improve both of these two targets. For chemical oxygen demand removal, carbon aerogel supported cobalt oxide strikingly enhanced the efficiency by 30% on the whole comparing to ozonation alone (approximately 50%) without the catalyst. Waste effluents after catalytic ozonation were thereafter reused in successive dyeing in the same process. It has been validated that the waste efflueni was successfully regenerated and can be additionally reused twice without sacrificing fabric quality, which cannot be realized in ozonation alone. Color difference of the fabric dyed with the regenerated effluent was within the acceptable tolerance, and excellent levelness and equal colorfastness had also been achieved. This is probably the first study to investigate the feasibility of regenerating highly polluting dyeing effluents for reuse by catalytic ozonation with carbon aerogel materials. With novel catalysts, it could be speculated that catalytic ozonation is a promising technology for in-situ regeneration of waste effluents in textile dyeing plant for reuse.
ISSN: 0959-6526
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.194
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