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Title: Seasonal variations of anhydrosugars in PM 2.5 in the Pearl River Delta Region, China
Authors: Ho, KF
Engling, G
Huang, R
Lai, SC
Cao, J
Lee, CS 
Issue Date: 2014
Source: Tellus. Series B, Chemical and physical meteorology, 2014, v. 66, p. 1-14
Abstract: Anhydrosugars including levoglucosan and mannosan are the most effective organic tracers for biomass burning aerosol in the atmosphere. In this study, to investigate the contribution of biomass burning emissions to the aerosol burden in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China, 24-hour integrated PM2.5 samples were collected simultaneously at four locations, (i) Guangzhou (GZ), (ii) Zhaoqing (ZQ) in Guangdong province, (iii) Hok Tsui (HT) and (iv) Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PU) in Hong Kong, in four seasons between 2006 and 2007. Levoglucosan and mannosan, together with water-soluble inorganic ions and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC), were determined to elucidate the seasonal and spatial variations in biomass burning contributions. The concentrations of levoglucosan and mannosan were on average 82.4±123 and 5.8±8.6ng m−3, respectively. The WSOC concentrations ranged from 0.2 to 9.4µg m−3, with an average of 2.1±1.6µg m−3. The relative contributions of biomass burning emissions to OC were 33% in QZ, 12% in GZ, 4% at PU and 5% at HT, respectively, estimated by the measured levoglucosan to organic carbon ratio (LG/OC) relative to literature-derived LG/OC values. The contributions from biomass burning emissions were in general 1.7–2.8 times higher in winter than those in other seasons. Further, it was inferred from diagnostic tracer ratios that a significant fraction of biomass burning emissions was derived from burning of hard wood and likely also from field burning of agricultural residues, such as rice straw, in the PRD region. Our results highlight the contributions from biomass/biofuel burning activities on the regional aerosol budget in South China.
Keywords: Fine aerosol
Biomass burning
Pearl River Delta
Publisher: Swedish Geophysical Society: Munksgaard
Journal: Tellus. Series B, Chemical and physical meteorology 
ISSN: 0280-6509 (print)
1600-0889 (online)
DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v66.22577
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