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Title: A multi-research-method approach to studying environmental sustainability in retail operations
Authors: Tang, AKY
Lai, KH 
Cheng, TCE 
Keywords: Green retailing
Corporate social responsibility
Environmental sustainability
Financial performance
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: International journal of production economics, 2016, v. 171, p. 394-404 How to cite?
Journal: International journal of production economics 
Abstract: Retailers increasingly incorporate environmental protection measures to improve their value chain operations. Although environmental sustainability in operations management has been widely examined in the manufacturing context, its adoption in the retail industry is largely recent. In this study we explore, through both qualitative and quantitative approaches in the real retail context, what green practices retailers have put in place to meet the needs of diverse stakeholders and examine whether or not such practices improve retailers' financial performance. Undertaking this study in two phases, we first conducted a secondary data analysis of 345 publicly traded retailers in Japan to identify the green retail operations (GROs) that retailers have adopted. We presented empirical evidence on the performance impact of GROs adoption and analyzed changes in the performance before and after GROs adoption as measured by return-on-assets (ROA). In the second phase, we carried out an empirical study with survey data collected from 141 retailers in Hong Kong to validate the measurement of GROs and examined the financial implications of GROs adoption. We conclude that there is a positive impact of GROs adoption on firms' financial performance in the retail industry.
ISSN: 0925-5273
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.09.042
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