Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62416
Title: Impairing effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril on bone of normal mice
Authors: Yang, M
Xia, C
Song, Y
Zhao, X
Wong, MS 
Zhang, Y
Keywords: Renin-angiotensin system
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
Bone
Captopril
Bradykinin receptor
Angiotensin II
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: European journal of pharmacology, 2016, v. 771, p. 40-47 How to cite?
Journal: European journal of pharmacology 
Abstract: There are contradicting results about the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) on bones. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of ACEI, Captopril, on bone metabolism and histology as well as the action of Captopril on skeletal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and bradykinin receptor pathway in normal male mice. The urine, serum, tibias and femurs from normal control mice and Captopril-treated (10 mg/kg) mice were collected for biochemical, histological and molecular analyses after drug administration for eight weeks. The mice after the treatment with Captopril had a significant decrease of serum testosterone level. The histological measurements showed the loss of trabecular bone mass and trabecular bone number, and the breakage of trabecular bone network as well as the changes of chondrocyte zone at epiphyseal plate in Captopril-treated mice. The defect of Captopril on trabecular bone was reflected by the quantitative bio-parameters from micro-CT. The expression of renin receptor and bradykinin B2 receptor (B2R) was significantly up-regulated in tibia of mice upon to the Captopril treatment, which decreased the ratio of OPG/RANKL and the expression of osteoblastic factor RUNX2. Furthermore, Captopril treatment resulted in the increase of pAkt/Akt and pNE kappa B expression in tibia. The present study revealed the impairing effects of Captopril on bone via interfering with the circulating sex hormone level and B2R pathway, which suggests that the bone metabolism of patients need to be carefully monitored when being prescribed for ACEIs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62416
ISSN: 0014-2999
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2015.12.011
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