Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62179
Title: Enhanced damping for bridge cables using a self-sensing MR damper
Authors: Chen, ZH
Lam, KH 
Ni, YQ 
Keywords: Cables
Damping
Linear-quadratic-Gaussian control
Magnetorheological damper
Self-sensing
Vibration
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Source: Smart materials and structures, 2016, v. 25, no. 8, 085019 How to cite?
Journal: Smart materials and structures 
Abstract: This paper investigates enhanced damping for protecting bridge stay cables from excessive vibration using a newly developed self-sensing magnetorheological (MR) damper. The semi-active control strategy for effectively operating the self-sensing MR damper is formulated based on the linear-quadratic-Gaussian (LQG) control by further considering a collocated control configuration, limited measurements and nonlinear damper dynamics. Due to its attractive feature of sensing-while-damping, the self-sensing MR damper facilitates the collocated control. On the other hand, only the sensor measurements from the self-sensing device are employed in the feedback control. The nonlinear dynamics of the self-sensing MR damper, represented by a validated Bayesian NARX network technique, are further accommodated in the control formulation to compensate for its nonlinearities. Numerical and experimental investigations are conducted on stay cables equipped with the self-sensing MR damper operated in passive and semi-active control modes. The results verify that the collocated self-sensing MR damper facilitates smart damping for inclined cables employing energy-dissipative LQG control with only force and displacement measurements at the damper. It is also demonstrated that the synthesis of nonlinear damper dynamics in the LQG control enhances damping force tracking efficiently, explores the features of the self-sensing MR damper, and achieves better control performance over the passive MR damping control and the Heaviside step function-based LQG control that ignores the damper dynamics.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62179
ISSN: 0964-1726
EISSN: 1361-665X
DOI: 10.1088/0964-1726/25/8/085019
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