Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62042
Title: A longitudinal multilevel model of tourist outbound travel behavior and the dual-cycle model
Authors: Wong, IA
Fong, LHN
Law, R 
Keywords: Demographic variables
Economic performance
Multilevel analysis
Outbound travel
Tourist behavior
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Journal of travel research, 2016, v. 55, no. 7, p. 957-970 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of travel research 
Abstract: The objective of this longitudinal study is to explore whether changes in tourists’ outbound travel behavior can be explained by their demographic characteristics and by economic fluctuations over time. A multilevel model of outbound travel behavior that incorporates both individual characteristics and changes in the economy is proposed. Based on a large sample from a 10-year longitudinal study, our findings show that both individual- and macro-level factors directly influence tourist behavior. The multilevel model suggests that tourist travel behavior and the effects of tourist demographics are time-variant, and can be best explained by economic fluctuations. In addition, the findings suggest that the tourist life cycle and the economic cycle, and the cross-level interaction of both, jointly influence tourist travel behavior, thus suggesting a new cross-level, dual-cycle model of travel behavior.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62042
ISSN: 0047-2875
EISSN: 1552-6763
DOI: 10.1177/0047287515601239
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