Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62023
Title: A cell-array-based multibiometric cryptosystem
Authors: Kumar, A
Pathak, AK 
Keywords: BCH encoding
Biometrics
Cryptosystem
Iris
Multimodal cryptosystems
Palmprint
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE access, 2016, v. 4, 7098327, p. 15-25 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE access 
Abstract: This paper presents a new framework for a biometric cryptosystem in which a cryptographic key is concealed with biometric modalities. In this paper, the candidate biometric modality is secured using two functions: 1) BCH encoding, which delivers the parity-code stored for the alignment of the query biometric template and 2) the Hash function to compute hash-code in order to safeguard its integrity. The cryptosystem is formed by creating two different cell-arrays. The hash-code is scattered on one cell-array by a randomly chosen column position, and the secret key is distributed over the second cell-array on the same position. The other cell-array locations are filled with the randomly generated chaff vectors. The parity-code is then jumbled up using a regenerative XORCoding in order to hide it from unauthorized access. At the unlocking stage, the parity-code is regenerated using XORcode and used to align the query template to the original one. If the hashed-code computed from the aligned template can locate the correct locations of the original hashed-code from the feature-array, it can get back the secret-key from the key-array and the correspondingly secret message. The proposed algorithm is implemented and evaluated in two modes: 1) unimodal and 2) multimodal. The experimental results from publicly available databases confirm the superiority of the multimodal cryptosystems over the unimodal cryptosystems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/62023
ISSN: 2169-3536
DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2428277
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