Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61990
Title: Effect of cloud-to-ground lightning and meteorological conditions on surface NOx and O3 in Hong Kong
Authors: Fei, L
Chan, LY
Bi, X
Guo, H 
Liu, Y
Lin, Q
Wang, X
Peng, P
Sheng, G
Keywords: Cloud-to-ground lightning
Meteorological condition
Nitrogen oxides
Ozone
PCA/APCS
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Atmospheric research, 2016, v. 182, p. 132-141 How to cite?
Journal: Atmospheric research 
Abstract: Cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning, meteorological conditions and corresponding surface nitrogen oxides (NOx) and ozone (O3) variations in relation to thunderstorm and lightning activities over Hong Kong at Kwai Chung (urban), Tung Chung (new town) and Tap Mun (background) during active lightning seasons from 2009 to 2013 were studied by analyzing respective air quality monitoring station data along with CG lightning and meteorological data. We observed NOx enhancement and significant O3 decline on lightning days. Influences of land use types, lightning activities and meteorological conditions on surface NOx and O3 were examined. NOx and O3 concentrations shifted towards higher and lower levels, respectively, during lightning days especially in the dominant wind directions. Principal component analysis/absolute principal component scores (PCA/APCS) method and stepwise multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis were employed to examine the influence of thunderstorm related lightning and meteorological parameters on surface NOx and O3. Wind speed was supposed to be the most important meteorological parameter affecting the concentration of NOx, and lightning activities were observed to make a positive contribution to NOx. Negative contribution of hot, cloudy and wet weather and positive contribution of wind speed were found to affect the concentration of O3. Lightning parameters were also found to make a small positive contribution to O3 concentration at Tap Mun and Tung Chung, but the net effect of lightning activities and corresponding meteorological conditions was the decrease of O3 on lightning days. Reasonably good agreement between the predicted and observed NOx and O3 values indicates that PCA/APCS-MLR is a valuable method to study the thunderstorm induced NOx and O3 variations.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61990
ISSN: 0169-8095
EISSN: 1873-2895
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.07.021
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