Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Beyond the 'East-West' dichotomy : global variation in cultural models of selfhood
Authors: Vignoles, VL
Owe, E
Becker, M
Smith, PB
Easterbrook, MJ
Brown, R
González, R
Didier, N
Carrasco, D
Cadena, MP
Lay, S
Schwartz, SJ
Des Rosiers, SE
Villamar, JA
Gavreliuc, A
Zinkeng, M
Kreuzbauer, R
Baguma, P
Martin, M
Tatarko, A
Herman, G
de Sauvage, I
Courtois, M
Garðarsdóttir, RB
Harb, C
Schweiger Gallo, I
Prieto Gil, P
Lorente Clemares, R
Campara, G
Nizharadze, G
Macapagal, MEJ
Jalal, B
Bourguignon, D
Zhang, J
Lv, S
Chybicka, A
Yuki, M
Zhang, X
Espinosa, A
Valk, A
Abuhamdeh, S
Amponsah, B
Özgen, E
Güner, EÜ
Yamakoğlu, N
Chobthamkit, P
Pyszczynski, T
Kesebir, P
Vargas Trujillo, E
Balanta, P
Cendales Ayala, B
Koller, SH
Jaafar, JL
Gausel, N
Fischer, R
Milfont, TL
Kusdil, E
Çağlar, S
Aldhafri, S
Ferreira, MC
Mekonnen, KH
Wang, Q
Fülöp, M
Torres, A
Camino, L
Lemos, FCS
Fritsche, I
Möller, B
Regalia, C
Manzi, C
Brambilla, M
Bond, MH 
Keywords: Culture
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: American Psychological Association
Source: Journal of experimental psychology, 2016, v. 145, no. 8, p. 966-1000 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of experimental psychology 
Abstract: Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory of independent and interdependent self-construals had a major influence on social, personality, and developmental psychology by highlighting the role of culture in psychological processes. However, research has relied excessively on contrasts between North American and East Asian samples, and commonly used self-report measures of independence and interdependence frequently fail to show predicted cultural differences. We revisited the conceptualization and measurement of independent and interdependent self-construals in 2 large-scale multinational surveys, using improved methods for cross-cultural research. We developed (Study 1: N = 2924 students in 16 nations) and validated across cultures (Study 2: N = 7279 adults from 55 cultural groups in 33 nations) a new 7-dimensional model of self-reported ways of being independent or interdependent. Patterns of global variation support some of Markus and Kitayama's predictions, but a simple contrast between independence and interdependence does not adequately capture the diverse models of selfhood that prevail in different world regions. Cultural groups emphasize different ways of being both independent and interdependent, depending on individualism-collectivism, national socioeconomic development, and religious heritage. Our 7-dimensional model will allow future researchers to test more accurately the implications of cultural models of selfhood for psychological processes in diverse ecocultural contexts.
ISSN: 0096-3445 (print)
1939-2222 (online)
DOI: 10.1037/xge0000175
Appears in Collections:Journal/Magazine Article

View full-text via PolyU eLinks SFX Query
Show full item record


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Oct 17, 2018


Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Oct 18, 2018

Page view(s)

Last Week
Last month
Citations as of Oct 14, 2018

Google ScholarTM



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.