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Title: Correcting instrumental variation and time-varying drift : a transfer learning approach with autoencoders
Authors: Yan, K
Zhang, D 
Keywords: Autoencoder
Calibration transfer
Drift correction
Electronic nose (e-nose)
Transfer learning
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measurement, 2016, v. 65, no. 9, 7492203, p. 2012-2022 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on instrumentation and measurement 
Abstract: Electronic noses (e-noses) are instruments that can be used to measure gas samples conveniently. Based on the measured signal, the type and concentration of the gas can be predicted by pattern recognition algorithms. However, e-noses are often affected by influential factors, such as instrumental variation and time-varying drift. From the viewpoint of pattern recognition, the factors make the posterior distribution of the test data drift from that of the training data, thus will degrade the accuracy of the prediction models. In this paper, we propose drift correction autoencoder (DCAE) to address this problem. DCAE learns to model and correct the influential factors explicitly with the help of transfer samples. It generates drift-corrected and discriminative representation of the original data, which can then be applied to various prediction algorithms. We evaluate DCAE on data sets with instrumental variation and complex time-varying drift. Prediction models are trained on samples collected with one device or in the initial time period, then tested on other devices or time periods. Experimental results show that the DCAE outperforms typical drift correction algorithms and autoencoder-based transfer learning methods. It can improve the robustness of e-nose systems and greatly enhance their performance in real-world applications.
ISSN: 0018-9456
EISSN: 1557-9662
DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2016.2573078
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