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Title: Design of a collapse-mode CMUT with an embossed membrane for improving output pressure
Authors: Yu, Y
Pun, SH
Mak, PU
Cheng, CH 
Wang, J
Mak, PI
Vai, MI
Keywords: Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT)
Embossed membrane
Output pressure
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, 2016, v. 63, no. 6, 7453178, p. 854-863 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control 
Abstract: Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) have emerged as a competitive alternative to piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers, especially in medical ultrasound imaging and therapeutic ultrasound applications, which require high output pressure. However, as compared with piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers, the output pressure capability of CMUTs remains to be improved. In this paper, a novel structure is proposed by forming an embossed vibrating membrane on a CMUT cell operating in the collapse mode to increase the maximum output pressure. By using a beam model in undamped conditions and finite-element analysis simulations, the proposed embossed structure showed improvement on the maximum output pressure of the CMUT cell when the embossed pattern was placed on the estimated location of the peak deflection. As compared with a uniform membrane CMUT cell worked in the collapse mode, the proposed CMUT cell can yield the maximum output pressure by 51.1% and 88.1% enhancement with a single embossed pattern made of Si3N4 and nickel, respectively. The maximum output pressures were improved by 34.9% (a single Si3N4 embossed pattern) and 46.7% (a single nickel embossed pattern) with the uniform membrane when the center frequencies of both original and embossed CMUT designs were similar.
ISSN: 0885-3010
EISSN: 1525-8955
DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2016.2554612
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