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Title: Ambient ozone control in a photochemically active region : short-term despiking or long-term attainment?
Authors: Ou, J
Yuan, Z
Zheng, J
Huang, Z
Shao, M
Li, Z
Huang, X
Guo, H 
Louie, PKK
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Source: Environmental science & technology, 2016, v. 50, no. 11, p. 5720-5728 How to cite?
Journal: Environmental science & technology 
Abstract: China has made significant progress decreasing the ambient concentrations of most air pollutants, but ozone (O3) is an exception. O3 mixing ratios during pollution episodes are far higher than the national standard in the Pearl River Delta (PRD), thus greater evidence-based control efforts are needed for O3 attainment. By using a validated O3 modeling system and the latest regional emission inventory, this study illustrates that control strategies for short-term O3 despiking and long-term attainment in the PRD may be contradictory. VOC-focused controls are more efficient for O3 despiking in urban and industrial areas, but significant NOx emission reductions and a subsequent transition to a NOx-limited regime are required for O3 attainment. By tracking O3 changes along the entire path toward long-term attainment, this study recommends to put a greater focus on NOx emission controls region-wide. Parallel VOC reductions around the Nansha port are necessary in summertime and should be extended to the urban and industrial areas in fall with a flexibility to be strengthened on days forecasted to have elevated O3. Contingent VOC-focused controls on top of regular NOx-focused controls would lay the groundwork for striking a balance between short-term despiking and long-term attainment of O3 concentrations in the PRD.
ISSN: 0013-936X
EISSN: 1520-5851
DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b00345
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