Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61587
Title: Comparison between smartphone pedometer applications and traditional pedometers for improving physical activity and body mass index in community-dwelling older adults
Authors: Fong, SSM
Ng, SSM 
Cheng, YTY
Zhang, J
Chung, LMY
Chow, GCC
Chak, YTC
Chan, IKY
Macfarlane, DJ
Keywords: Elderly
Mobile technology
Walking
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Society of Physical Therapy Science
Source: Journal of physical therapy science, 2016, v. 28, no. 5, p. 1651-1656 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of physical therapy science 
Abstract: [Purpose] The effectiveness of a smartphone pedometer application was compared with that of a traditional pedometer for improving the physical activity and weight status of community-dwelling older adults. [Subjects and Methods] This study had a nonequivalent pretest-posttest control group design. Ninety-seven older adults (mean age ± SD, 60.1 ± 5.5 years) joined the smartphone pedometer group and underwent a 2-week walking intervention based on a smartphone pedometer application. Fifty-four older adults (mean age ± SD, 65.3 ± 8.7 years) joined the traditional pedometer group and underwent a 2-week walking intervention based on a traditional pedometer. The participants’ physical activity was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire– Short Form, and their weight status was quantified by calculating the body mass index. The daily pedometer count was also documented. [Results] No significant time, group, or time-by-group interaction effects were found for any of the outcome variables. However, trends of improvement in physical activity and body mass index were seen only in the smartphone pedometer group. [Conclusion] A smartphone pedometer application might be more favorable than a traditional pedometer in improving physical activity and body mass index in community-dwelling older adults. However, further experimental studies are necessary to confirm the results.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61587
ISSN: 0915-5287 (print)
2187-5626 (online)
DOI: 10.1589/jpts.28.1651
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