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Title: Multi-label dictionary learning for image annotation
Authors: Jing, XY
Wu, F
Li, Z
Hu, R
Zhang, D 
Keywords: Image annotation
Input feature space
Label consistency regularization
Label correlation
Multi-label dictionary learning
Output label space
Partial-identical label embedding
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Source: IEEE transactions on image processing, 2016, v. 25, no. 6, 7445249, p. 2712-2725 How to cite?
Journal: IEEE transactions on image processing 
Abstract: Image annotation has attracted a lot of research interest, and multi-label learning is an effective technique for image annotation. How to effectively exploit the underlying correlation among labels is a crucial task for multi-label learning. Most existing multi-label learning methods exploit the label correlation only in the output label space, leaving the connection between the label and the features of images untouched. Although, recently some methods attempt toward exploiting the label correlation in the input feature space by using the label information, they cannot effectively conduct the learning process in both the spaces simultaneously, and there still exists much room for improvement. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-label learning approach, named multi-label dictionary learning (MLDL) with label consistency regularization and partial-identical label embedding MLDL, which conducts MLDL and partial-identical label embedding simultaneously. In the input feature space, we incorporate the dictionary learning technique into multi-label learning and design the label consistency regularization term to learn the better representation of features. In the output label space, we design the partial-identical label embedding, in which the samples with exactly same label set can cluster together, and the samples with partial-identical label sets can collaboratively represent each other. Experimental results on the three widely used image datasets, including Corel 5K, IAPR TC12, and ESP Game, demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
ISSN: 1057-7149
EISSN: 1941-0042
DOI: 10.1109/TIP.2016.2549459
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