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Title: Estimation of source location and ground impedance using a hybrid multiple signal classification and Levenberg-Marquardt approach
Authors: Tam, KC
Lau, SK
Tang, SK 
Issue Date: 2016
Source: Journal of sound and vibration, 2016, v. 374, p. 279-296
Abstract: A microphone array signal processing method for locating a stationary point source over a locally reactive ground and for estimating ground impedance is examined in detail in the present study. A non-linear least square approach using the Levenberg-Marquardt method is proposed to overcome the problem of unknown ground impedance. The multiple signal classification method (MUSIC) is used to give the initial estimation of the source location, while the technique of forward backward spatial smoothing is adopted as a pre-processer of the source localization to minimize the effects of source coherence. The accuracy and robustness of the proposed signal processing method are examined. Results show that source localization in the horizontal direction by MUSIC is satisfactory. However, source coherence reduces drastically the accuracy in estimating the source height. The further application of Levenberg-Marquardt method with the results from MUSIC as the initial inputs improves significantly the accuracy of source height estimation. The present proposed method provides effective and robust estimation of the ground surface impedance.
Keywords: Ground impedance measurement
Microphone array
Source localization
Publisher: Academic Press
Journal: Journal of sound and vibration 
ISSN: 0022-460X
EISSN: 1095-8568
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsv.2016.03.011
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