Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61272
Title: Robust optimal design of district cooling systems and the impacts of uncertainty and reliability
Authors: Gang, W
Wang, S 
Augenbroe, G
Xiao, F 
Keywords: Design optimization
District cooling system
Individual cooling system
Reliability
Robust optimal design
Uncertainty
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Energy and buildings, 2016, v. 122, p. 11-22 How to cite?
Journal: Energy and buildings 
Abstract: Uncertainty exists widely in the design of district cooling systems. Due to failures or improper maintenance of components or subsystems, the cooling systems may malfunction or work with reduced performance. In the conventional design method of district cooling systems, both aspects are often ignored or considered roughly. To ensure that district cooling systems achieve the expected performance as closely as possible, a robust optimization method is proposed in this paper. This approach relies on quantifying the uncertainty at the design stage and the reliability of the cooling system in operation. By taking the total annual cost (including the capital cost, operation cost and availability risk cost) as the objective, the robust optimal design of district cooling systems can be obtained. Uncertainties in weather, building design/construction and indoor conditions are considered and reliabilities of major equipment in the systems are dealt with as well. Individual cooling systems are often alternative to district cooling systems while uncertainty and reliability issues also exist at the design stage. The role of uncertainty and reliability in the design of district cooling systems and individual cooling systems are assessed and compared. Results show that both uncertainty and reliability have greater impacts on the design of individual cooling systems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10397/61272
ISSN: 0378-7788
EISSN: 1872-6178
DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.04.012
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