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Title: Case-based web learning versus face-to-face learning : a mixed-method study on university nursing students
Authors: Chan, AWK
Chair, SY
Sit, JWH
Wong, EML 
Lee, DTF
Fung, OWM 
Keywords: Case-based learning
Hong Kong students
Learning experience
Web-based learning
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Source: The journal of nursing research, 2016, v. 24, no. 1, p. 31-40 How to cite?
Journal: The journal of nursing research 
Abstract: Background: Case-based learning (CBL) is an effective educational method for improving the learning and clinical reasoning skills of students. Advances in e-learning technology have supported the development of the Web-based CBL approach to teaching as an alternative or supplement to the traditional classroom approach.
Purpose: This study aims to examine the CBL experience of Hong Kong students using both traditional classroom and Web-based approaches in undergraduate nursing education. This experience is examined in terms of the perceived self-learning ability, clinical reasoning ability, and satisfaction in learning of these students.
Methods: A mixture of quantitative and qualitative approaches was adopted. All Year-3 undergraduate nursing students were recruited. CBL was conducted using the traditional classroom approach in Semester 1, and the Web-based approach was conducted in Semester 2. Student evaluations were collected at the end of each semester using a self-report questionnaire. In-depth, focus-group interviews were conducted at the end of Semester 2.
Results: One hundred twenty-two students returned their questionnaires. No difference between the face-to-face and Web-based approaches was found in terms of self-learning ability (p =.947), clinical reasoning ability (p =.721), and satisfaction (p =.083). Focus group interview findings complemented survey findings and revealed five themes that reflected the CBL learning experience of Hong Kong students. These themes were (a) the structure of CBL, (b) the learning environment of Web-based CBL, (c) critical thinking and problem solving, (d) cultural influence on CBL learning experience, and (e) student-centered and teacher-centered learning.
Conclusions: The Web-based CBL approach was comparable but not superior to the traditional classroom CBL approach. The Web-based CBL experience of these students sheds light on the impact of Chinese culture on student learning behavior and preferences.
ISSN: 1682-3141
DOI: 10.1097/jnr.0000000000000104
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