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Title: A novel phase-change cement composite for thermal energy storage : fabrication, thermal and mechanical properties
Authors: Zhang, H
Xing, F
Cui, HZ
Chen, DZ
Ouyang, X
Xu, SZ
Wang, JX
Huang, YT
Zuo, JD
Tang, JN
Keywords: Cement composite
Energy storage
Microencapsulated phase-change materials
Thermal stability
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Applied energy, 2016, v. 170, p. 130-139 How to cite?
Journal: Applied energy 
Abstract: Facing upon the increasingly severe energy crisis, one of the key issues for reducing the building energy consumption is to pursue high-performance thermal energy storage technologies based on phase-change materials. In this study, a novel cement composite incorporated with flaky graphite-doped microencapsulated phase-change materials (FGD-MPCMs) was developed. Various techniques, such as field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), optical microscopy (OM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to analyse the composite structure and thermal performances. The results indicate that the spherical microcapsules are well dispersed in the cement matrix. When combined within the cement, the thermal stability of the microcapsules was highly improved, and the inclusion of greater amounts of FGD-MPCMs further increased the latent heat of the composite. The mechanical properties of the cement composites were affected with the increase of FGD-MPCMs dosage and the porosity of the composites. In spite of this, the compressive strength and flexural strength of the cement composite with 30% FGD-MPCM could still reach to as high as 14.2 MPa and 4.1 MPa, respectively. Results from the infrared thermography and the model room test suggested that the composite filled with FGD-MPCMs is capable of reducing indoor temperature fluctuation and exhibits good potential for application in buildings to enhance energy savings and thermal comfort.
ISSN: 0306-2619
EISSN: 1872-9118
DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.02.091
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