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Title: Biomarkers in long‐term vegetarian diets
Authors: Benzie, IFF 
Wachtel-Galor, S
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Academic Press
Source: Advances in clinical chemistry, 2009, v. 47, p. 171-222 How to cite?
Journal: Advances in clinical chemistry 
Abstract: The chapter explains biochemical markers in body fluids or cells that reflect body status in terms of nutrition, antioxidant balance, physiological function, and pathological change. The chapter presents the four aspects of the effects of a long-term vegetarian diet on health and on biomarkers. These four aspects are biomarkers that reflect possible nutritional deficiency in association with long-term vegetarian diets, biomarkers that reflect improved oxidant/antioxidant balance in association with vegetarian diets, biomarkers that reflect lower risk of disease in long-term vegetarians, and biomarkers that can differentiate the vegetarian from the nonvegetarian. It should be noted that it is not only the long-term vegetarian who can develop nutritional deficiency of key micronutrients. With the ageing of the global population and the increased awareness of dietary influences and oxidative stress on health, it is timely for clinical chemistry to advance more rapidly into the arena of nutritional and oxidant/antioxidant assessment and to offer measurement of biomarkers that assess health, as opposed to solely focusing on those that aid diagnosis and management of established disease. More awareness of the direct and indirect influence of diet on biomarkers of health and disease is needed as well. Some recommendations are presented in regard to how the clinical chemistry laboratory can advance its contribution to health assessment, as an alternative or additional paradigm to the diagnosis and monitoring of established disease.
ISBN: 978-012374796-9
ISSN: 0065-2423
DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2423(09)47007-0
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