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Title: Ceruloplasmin expression and its role in iron transport in C6 cells
Authors: Chang, YZ
Qian, ZM
Du, JR
Zhu, L
Xu, YJ
Li, LZ
Wang, CY
Wang, Q
Ge, XH
Ho, KP
Niu, LJ
Ke, Y
Keywords: Cerulopalsmin
Gene expression
Iron deficiency
Iron overload
Iron uptake and release
C6 glioma cells
Brain iron homeostasis
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Source: Neurochemistry international, 2007, v. 50, no. 5, p. 726-733 How to cite?
Journal: Neurochemistry international 
Abstract: Ceruloplasmin (CP) is essential for brain iron homeostasis. However, little is known about the effect of iron on CP expression in the brain. Also, the role of CP in brain iron transport has not been well determined. In this study, we investigated the effects of iron on CP expression and the role of CP in iron transport in the C6 rat glioma cells. Our data showed that treatment of the cells with iron (cell iron overload) or iron chelators (cell iron deficiency) did not induce a significant change in the expression of CP mRNA. However, western blotting analysis demonstrated that cell iron overload induced a significant decrease in CP protein content in the cells and that treatment with iron chelators led to a significant increase in CP protein level in the cells. These findings suggest a translational regulation of CP expression by iron in the cells. We also examined the effects of CP on iron transport in the cells. We found that glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored CP did not have any impact on iron uptake by normal iron or iron-deficient cells nor on iron release from normal iron or iron-sufficient cells. However, low concentrations of soluble CP (2–8 μg/ml) increased iron uptake by iron-deficient C6 glioma cells, while the same concentrations of CP had no effect on iron uptake by normal iron cells and iron release from normal iron and iron-sufficient cells. The possible reason for the difference between our results in vitro and those obtained from in vivo studies was discussed.
ISSN: 0197-0186
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuint.2007.01.004
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