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Title: Efficacy of a universal parent training program (HOPE-20) : cluster randomized controlled trial
Authors: Leung, C 
Tsang, S
Kwan, HW
Keywords: Primary prevention
Field of practice
Program evaluation
Outcome study
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Source: Research on social work practice, 2015, p. 1-15 How to cite?
Journal: Research on social work practice 
Abstract: Objective: This study examined the efficacy of Hands-On Parent Empowerment-20 (HOPE-20) program.
Methods: Eligible participants were parents residing in Hong Kong with target children aged 2 years attending nursery schools. Cluster randomized control trial was adopted, with 10 schools (110 participants) assigned to intervention group and 8 schools (63 participants) to control group using random number table, without blinding of participants. Intervention group attended 20 parent training sessions based on social learning theory. Children were individually assessed on preschool concepts and language skills. Parents completed child behavior and parental stress questionnaires.
Results: Intention-to-treat analysis (173 participants and 18 schools) indicated improvement in primary outcomes: child preschool concepts (d = 0.70, 95% confidence interval [CI]: [0.38, 1.01]) and child behavior problems (d = 0.67, 95% CI: [0.35, 0.99]), together with language skills (d = 0.98, 95% CI: [0.65, 1.30]), and parental stress (d = 0.71, 95% CI: [0.39, 1.02]).
Conclusions: The results suggested that HOPE-20 program was beneficial to Chinese families.
ISSN: 1049-7315
EISSN: 1552-7581
DOI: 10.1177/1049731515593810
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