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Title: Design and performance of a fibrous bed bioreactor for odor treatment
Authors: Chua, H
Li, XZ
Tam, CY
Huang, YL
Yang, ST
Keywords: Fibrous bed bioreactor
Odor treatment
Trickling biofilter
Volatile fatty acids
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Humana Press
Source: Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 2000, v. 84-86, p. 469-478 How to cite?
Journal: Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 
Abstract: Biological processes have become popular for odor treatment. In this study, a novel fibrous bed bioreactor was applied for treatment of odorous gas. The column reactor was packed with spirally wound fibrous sheet material on which a consortium of microorganisms selected from activated sludge was immobilized. The first stage of this work comprised a preliminary study that aimed at investigating the feasibility of the fibrous bed bioreactor for treatment of odorous volatile fatty acids (VFAs). In this stage, the performance of a fibrous bed bioreactor at increasing mass loadings ranging from 9.7 to 104.2 g/(m3 · h) was studied. VFA removal efficiencies above 90% were achieved at mass loadings up to 50.3 g/(m3 · h). At a mass loading of 104.2 g/(m3 · h), removal efficiency was found to be 87.7%. In the second stage of the work, the process was scaled up with design and operational considerations, namely, packing medium, process condition, and configuration selections. A trickling biofilter with synthetic fibrous packing medium was selected. It was operated under countercurrent flow of gas and liquid streams. The effects of inlet concentration and empty bed retention time on bioreactor performance were studied: The bioreactor was effective in treating odorous VFAs at mass loadings up to 32 g/(m3 · h), at which VFAs started to accumulate in the recirculation liquid, indicating that the biofilm was unable to degrade all the VFAs introduced. Although VFAs accumulated in the liquid phase, the removal efficiency remained above 99%, implying that the biochemical reaction rate, rather than gas-to-liquid mass transfer rate, was the limiting factor of this process. The bioreactor was stable for long-term operation; no clogging and degeneration of the packing medium was observed during the 4-mo operation.
ISSN: 0273-2289
EISSN: 1559-0291
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