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Title: Mitigating Doppler effects on physical-layer network coding in VANET
Authors: Xie, LF
Ho, IWH 
Liew, SC
Lu, L
Lau, FCM 
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Source: 26th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2015, 30 August-2 September 2015, 7343280, p. 121-126 How to cite?
Abstract: This paper considers physical-layer network coding (PNC) in vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) to solve the problem of short contact time between fast-moving vehicles. PNC enables data exchange between nodes in a relay network within a short airtime, e.g., twice faster than relay networks based on traditional communication, and can be a powerful performance booster in VANET. One of the most important challenges in applying PNC to VANET, however, is the Doppler shift caused by vehicular motions. Doppler shift leads to carrier frequency offset (CFO) that induces inter-carrier interference (ICI) in OFDM systems. The ICI destroys the orthogonality of modulated symbols, causing degradation in PNC signal detection. This paper puts forth a detection method to mitigate the CFO/ICI effect on PNC. The method, referred to as BP-VPNC, makes use of a belief propagation (BP) algorithm to process the outputs of the OFDM correlators. BP extracts useful hidden information embedded in ICI to improve signal detection in VANET PNC. Our study shows that the BER performance of PNC VANET operated with BP-VPNC can be achieved close to that of traditional VANET at various CFO levels. These results suggest that with BP-VPNC, a potential shortcoming of PNC, vulnerability to CFO, can be circumvented, and that PNC can be used to overcome the short vehicular contact time in VANET.
ISBN: 9781467367820
DOI: 10.1109/PIMRC.2015.7343280
Appears in Collections:Conference Paper

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