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Title: Experimental study of the flow structure of decelerating and accelerating flows under a gradually varying flume
Authors: Wang, XK
Yi, ZJ
Yan, XF
Huang, E
Liu, XN
Keywords: Gradual transition
Non-uniform flows
Open channel
Secondary currents
Turbulence characteristics
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Source: Journal of hydrodynamics, Ser.B, 2015, v. 27, no. 3, 60491, p. 340-349 How to cite?
Journal: Journal of hydrodynamics, Ser.B 
Abstract: The turbulence characteristics of both decelerating and accelerating flows under a gradually varying flume are investigated by using a three-dimensional down-looking acoustic Doppler velocimeter (ADV). The time-averaged velocity profiles are flatened except for the central parts, and fairly fit into logarithmic laws and those in the plane circulation under the gradual expansion are more likely to be negative. The complex secondary currents are identified under the present gradual transition attributed to the combination of driving forces induced by both the boundary configuration variation and the unbalanced turbulence: a circulation on each side of the expansion and a pair of circulations on each side of the contraction. One sees an anisotropy in the turbulence intensities, the turbulence intensities increase or level out with the flow depth except those under expansion, and the V component of the turbulence intensity typically outweighs that in the streamwise direction. Apart from the above results, the respective particular distributions of the primary Reynolds shear stresses (τxy and τxz) under the gradual expansion and contraction can account for the patterns of the secondary currents in this investigation.
ISSN: 1001-6058
DOI: 10.1016/S1001-6058(15)60491-7
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